Uniform Practice Code (UPC)
The Uniform Practice Code (UPC) is a series of rules, interpretations and explanations designed to make uniform, where practicable, custom, practice, usage, and trading technique in the investment banking and securities business, particularly with regards to operational and settlement issues. These can include such matters as trade terms, deliveries, payments, dividends, rights, interest, reclamations, exchange of confirmations, stamp taxes, claims, assignments, powers of substitution, computation of interest and basis prices, due-bills, transfer fees, "when, as and if issued" trading, "when, as and if distributed" trading, marking to the market, and close-out procedures. The UPC was created so that the transaction of day-to-day business by members may be simplified and facilitated, that business disputes and misunderstandings, which arise from uncertainty and lack of uniformity in such matters, may be eliminated, and that the mechanisms of a free and open market may be improved and impediments thereto removed.
All over-the-counter transactions in securities by members, except transactions in securities which are exempted under Section 3(a)(12) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or municipal securities as defined in Section 3(a)(29) of the Act, are subject to the provisions of the Uniform Practice Code and to the provisions of Article XIV Section 2 of FINRA's By-laws unless exempted therefrom by the terms of the Uniform Practice Code.