On October 26, 2001, President Bush signed into law the USA PATRIOT Act (Patriot Act). Title III of the Patriot Act, entitled "International Money Laundering Abatement and Anti-Terrorist Financing Act of 2001," added new provisions to the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA).
Section 356 of Title III of the Patriot Act required the Department of the Treasury (Treasury), in consultation with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, to issue rules requiring broker/dealers to file suspicious activity reports (SARs) with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), a bureau of Treasury. On July 1, 2002, Treasury published in the Federal Register its final rules requiring broker/dealers in securities to file reports that identify and describe transactions that raise suspicions of illegal activity. The requirement to file SARs applies to transactions occurring after December 30, 2002.
Specifically, the final rule requires broker/dealers to report to FinCEN any transaction that, alone or in the aggregate, involves at least $5,000 in funds or other assets, if the broker/dealer knows, suspects, or has reason to suspect that it falls within one of four classes: (1) the transaction involves funds derived from illegal activity or is intended or conducted to hide or disguise funds or assets derived from illegal activity; (2) the transaction is designed, whether through structuring or other means, to evade the requirements of the BSA; (3) the transaction appears to serve no business or apparent lawful purpose or is not the sort of transaction in which the particular customer would be expected to engage and for which the broker/dealer knows of no reasonable explanation after examining the available facts; or (4) the transaction involves the use of the broker/dealer to facilitate criminal activity. This Notice to Members provides a brief overview of the key provisions of the rule.
Treasury also published, in draft, a new form, "Suspicious Activity Report by the Securities and Futures Industry" (SAR-SF).5 While Treasury's final SAR rule indicated that it was developing a suspicious activity reporting form for broker/dealers entitled "Suspicious Activity Report Brokers or Dealers in Securities" (SAR-BD), Treasury has indicated that the Form could also be used by futures commission merchants (FCMs) registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). Accordingly, the draft Form has been revised from SAR-BD to SAR-SF and several fields have been provided on the Form for use by FCMs. Treasury requests comment on draft Form SAR-SF by October 4, 2002.
Questions concregarding this Notice may be directed to Vicky Berberi-Doumar, Department of Member Regulation, NASD Regulatory Policy and Oversight, at (202) 728-8905, or to Grace Yeh, Office of General Counsel, NASD Regulatory Policy and Oversight, at (202) 728-6939.
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