Glossary of Analyst Research Report Terms

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Income Statement (Statement of Operations) A financial statement showing the revenues, expenses, and income (the difference between revenues and expenses) of a company over some period of time.
Index An unmanaged selection of securities whose performance as a group is used to measure investment results. Examples include the Dow Jones Industrial Average, the Nasdaq Composite, and the S&P 500.
Inflation A continuous increase over time in the overall costs of goods and services.
Initial Public Offering (IPO) A company's first sale of stock to the public.
Intangible Assets A non-physical asset that represents a competitive advantage to a company, such as brand name, a trademark, patents or other intellectual property, and goodwill.
Inventory Goods that a company has produced or purchased, but not yet sold. Inventory is considered an asset. If inventory is growing faster than sales, this can be a warning sign that business growth is slowing.