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Adjudication & Decisions

When FINRA determines that violations of securities rules have occurred and formal disciplinary action is necessary, the Enforcement Department or Market Regulation Department files a complaint with the Office of Hearing Officers (OHO).

The Office arranges a three-person panel to hear the case. The panel is chaired by a hearing officer who is an employee of the Office of Hearing Officers. The Chief Hearing Officer appoints two industry panelists, drawn primarily from a pool of current and former securities industry members of FINRA's District Committees, as well as its Market Regulation Committee, former members of FINRA's National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) and former FINRA Governors.

At the hearing, the parties present evidence for the panel to determine whether a firm or individual has engaged in conduct that violates FINRA rules, SEC regulations or federal securities laws. In reaching its decision, the hearing panel also considers previous court, SEC, and NAC decisions to determine if violations occurred. The NAC is the national committee which reviews initial decisions rendered in FINRA disciplinary and membership proceedings.

For each case, the hearing panel will issue a written decision explaining the reasons for its ruling and consult the FINRA Sanction Guidelines to determine the appropriate sanctions if violations have occurred. FINRA also, when feasible and appropriate, can order firms and individuals to make restitution to harmed customers.

Appeals Process

Under FINRA's disciplinary procedures, a firm or individual has the right to appeal a hearing panel decision to the NAC, or the NAC may on its own initiate a review of a decision. On appeal, the NAC will determine if a hearing panel's findings were legally correct, factually supported and consistent with FINRA's Sanction Guidelines. While a panel decision is on appeal, the sanction is not enforced against the firm or individual.

Unless FINRA's Board of Governors decides to review the NAC's appellate decision, that decision represents FINRA's final action. A firm or individual can appeal FINRA's decision to the SEC and then to federal court.

Date of Decision Proceeding No. Title Type
May 22, 2019 2012030738501 APPEALED: J.W. Korth and Company Disciplinary Decision
May 15, 2019 2015048362402 John Anthony Vedovino Disciplinary Decision
May 15, 2019 2016052347901 Austin Wayne Morton Disciplinary Decision
May 08, 2019 2016050938301 APPEALED: Michael J. Clarke Disciplinary Decision
May 03, 2019 FPI190001, FPI190002 Order Denying Respondents’ Motion to Conduct Hearing in Person, Regulatory Operations v. Alpine and Scotsdale Expedited Order
May 02, 2019 SD-2140 Stifel, Nicolaus & Co., Inc. Statutory Disqualification
April 11, 2019 2016050025401 Frederick David Holloway Disciplinary Decision
March 18, 2019 2016047565702 Dakota Securities & Bruce Zipper Disciplinary Decision
March 15, 2019 SD-2195 Scott Coy Statutory Disqualification, Denials
March 11, 2019 2010022977801r David B. Tysk Disciplinary Decision
March 07, 2019 SD-2148 Guy Wyser-Pratte Statutory Disqualification, Denials
March 05, 2019 2013035345701 APPEALED: Titan Securities, Brad Brooks and Richard Demetriou Disciplinary Decision
March 05, 2019 2014039839101 Jim Jinkook Seol Disciplinary Decision
March 04, 2019 2015047005801 Doherty, O. Granting M to Offer Telephone/Video Testimony Disciplinary Order
March 04, 2019 2016050883001 Hayes, Notice of Rec of Answ, O. Setting IPHC Disciplinary Order
March 04, 2019 2016050883001 Hayes, O. Governing PCI Disciplinary Order
March 01, 2019 2016051493704 Reyes, O. Granting DOE’s M for Rule-Compliant Answ. Disciplinary Order
February 28, 2019 2016048393501 Shopoff, Order Req Cert of Compliance Under Rule 9910 Disciplinary Order
February 15, 2019 2015045312501 Supplemental Order Re: Denial of Motion for Stay Disciplinary Order
February 07, 2019 ARB180031 Robert Jay Pincus Expedited Decision
January 30, 2019 2015047005801 Doherty, Order Denying/Granting DOE’s Summ Dis Motion/Strike Defense Disciplinary Order
January 29, 2019 2015044823501, 2015044823502 Craig Scott Taddonio, Brent Morgan Porges, Edward Beyn Disciplinary Decision
January 29, 2019 2014042606902 APPEALED: Silver Leaf Partners, LLC Disciplinary Decision
January 29, 2019 2014043863001 APPEALED: Peter Orlando Disciplinary Decision
January 25, 2019 ARB180037 Order Denying Motion to Dismiss; Expedited Order