Adjudication and Decisions

When FINRA determines that violations of securities rules have occurred and formal disciplinary action is necessary, the Enforcement Department or Market Regulation Department files a complaint with the Office of Hearing Officers (OHO).

The Office arranges a three-person panel to hear the case. The panel is chaired by a hearing officer who is an employee of the Office of Hearing Officers. The Chief Hearing Officer appoints two industry panelists, drawn primarily from a pool of current and former securities industry members of FINRA's District Committees, as well as its Market Regulation Committee, former members of FINRA's™ National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) and former FINRA Governors.

At the hearing, the parties present evidence for the panel to determine whether a firm or individual has engaged in conduct that violates FINRA rules, SEC regulations or federal securities laws. In reaching its decision, the hearing panel also considers previous court, SEC, and NAC decisions to determine if violations occurred. The NAC is the national committee which reviews initial decisions rendered in FINRA disciplinary and membership proceedings.

For each case, the hearing panel will issue a written decision explaining the reasons for its ruling and consult the FINRA Sanction Guidelines to determine the appropriate sanctions if violations have occurred. FINRA also, when feasible and appropriate, can order firms and individuals to make restitution to harmed customers.

Appeals Process

Under FINRA's disciplinary procedures, a firm or individual has the right to appeal a hearing panel decision to the NAC, or the NAC may on its own initiate a review of a decision. On appeal, the NAC will determine if a hearing panel's findings were legally correct, factually supported and consistent with FINRA's Sanction Guidelines. While a panel decision is on appeal, the sanction is not enforced against the firm or individual.

Unless FINRA's Board of Governors decides to review the NAC's appellate decision, that decision represents FINRA's final action. A firm or individual can appeal FINRA's decision to the SEC and then to federal court.

Date of Decisionsort ascending Proceeding No. Title Deciding Body Type Order No.
Aug 27, 2015 2012034934301 Wedbush Securities Inc. Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Disciplinary Decision
Aug 10, 2015 SD-MCDC-014 et al. B.C. Ziegler and Company, Benchmark Securities, LLC, Bernardi Securities, Inc., BOSC, Inc., Central States Capital Markets, LLC, City Securities Corporation, The Baker Group, LP Member Regulation Statutory Disqualification, Other
Aug 10, 2015 SD-MCDC-018 et al. BMO Capital Markets GKST Inc., BNY Mellon Capital Markets, LLC, Dougherty & Company LLC, George K. Baum & Company, Hutchinson, Shockey, Erley & Co. Member Regulation Statutory Disqualification, Other
Aug 10, 2015 SD-MCDC-026 et al. Goldman, Sachs & Co., J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., RBC Capital Markets, LLC, Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Inc. Member Regulation Statutory Disqualification
Aug 10, 2015 SD-MCDC-022 et al. First National Capital Markets, Inc., L.J. Hart and Company, Inc., Loop Capital Markets LLC, Martin Nelson & Co., Inc., Siebert, Brandford, Shank & Co., LLC, Smith Hayes Financial Services Corporation, Wells Nelson & Associates, LLC Member Regulation Statutory Disqualification
Aug 10, 2015 SD-MCDC-021 et al. Davenport & Company LLC, Piper Jaffray & Co., Robert W. Baird & Co., Incorporated Stephens Inc., Sterne, Agee & Leach, Inc., William Blair & Company LLC Member Regulation Statutory Disqualification
Aug 10, 2015 SD-MCDC-031 et al. Citigroup Global Markets Inc., Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, Raymond James & Associates, Inc. Member Regulation Statutory Disqualification
Jul 28, 2015 2009016159102 Warren Forest National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Disciplinary Decision
Jul 27, 2015 2011027993301 Michael Earl McCune National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Disciplinary Decision
Jul 23, 2015 2009016317701 James E. Rooney, Jr. National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Disciplinary Decision
Jul 16, 2015 2012032997201 Stephen Grivas National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Disciplinary Decision
Jun 16, 2015 2011025851501 Appealed:KCD Financial, Inc. Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Disciplinary Decision
Jun 8, 2015 ARB140066 Appealed:Michael Albert DiPietro Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Expedited Decision, Rule 9550 Expedited Decisions
Jun 4, 2015 2011025444501 Order Denying Respondent's Motion to Strike Portions of Enforcement's Post-Hearing Appendix Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Disciplinary Order 15-10
May 21, 2015 2012032519101 Appealed:Robert Earl Holaday Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Disciplinary Decision
May 18, 2015 20110279263-01 Appealed:Matthew Joseph Sheerin Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Disciplinary Decision
May 6, 2015 2009016317701 The Dratel Group, Inc. and William M. Dratel National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Disciplinary Decision
May 4, 2015 2009016159110 Anthony Spagnolo, III Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Disciplinary Decision
May 4, 2015 2009016159111 Brian Sanders Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Disciplinary Decision
May 4, 2015 M00010006 Appealed:In the Matter of the New Membership Application Firm X National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Redacted Decision
Apr 30, 2015 SD-1960 Scott Mathis with DPEC, Inc. National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Statutory Disqualification, Approvals
Apr 29, 2015 2009017195204 Merrimac Corporate Securities, Inc. National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Disciplinary Decision
Apr 22, 2015 SD-1962 Candace J. Lee with Financial Services International Corp National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Statutory Disqualification, Approvals
Apr 16, 2015 2007011413501 Appealed:Brookstone Securities, Inc., Antony Lee Turbeville, Christopher Dean Kline and David William Locy National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) Disciplinary Decision
Apr 8, 2015 2010024522103 Order Denying Motion Pursuant to FINRA Rule 9234 Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Disciplinary Order 15-09

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