Adjudication and Decisions
When FINRA determines that violations of securities rules have occurred and formal disciplinary action is necessary, the Enforcement Department or Market Regulation Department files a complaint with the Office of Hearing Officers (OHO).
The Office arranges a three-person panel to hear the case. The panel is chaired by a hearing officer who is an employee of the Office of Hearing Officers. The Chief Hearing Officer appoints two industry panelists, drawn primarily from a pool of current and former securities industry members of FINRA's District Committees, as well as its Market Regulation Committee, former members of FINRA's National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) and former FINRA Governors.
At the hearing, the parties present evidence for the panel to determine whether a firm or individual has engaged in conduct that violates FINRA rules, SEC regulations or federal securities laws. In reaching its decision, the hearing panel also considers previous court, SEC, and NAC decisions to determine if violations occurred. The NAC is the national committee which reviews initial decisions rendered in FINRA disciplinary and membership proceedings.
For each case, the hearing panel will issue a written decision explaining the reasons for its ruling and consult the FINRA Sanction Guidelines to determine the appropriate sanctions if violations have occurred. FINRA also, when feasible and appropriate, can order firms and individuals to make restitution to harmed customers.
Under FINRA's disciplinary procedures, a firm or individual has the right to appeal a hearing panel decision to the NAC, or the NAC may on its own initiate a review of a decision. On appeal, the NAC will determine if a hearing panel's findings were legally correct, factually supported and consistent with FINRA's Sanction Guidelines. While a panel decision is on appeal, the sanction is not enforced against the firm or individual.
Unless FINRA's Board of Governors decides to review the NAC's appellate decision, that decision represents FINRA's final action. A firm or individual can appeal FINRA's decision to the SEC and then to federal court.
|Date of Decision||Proceeding No.||Title||Type|
|Dec 15, 1997||CMS970028||Order Granting in Part Complainant's Motion to Exclude Witnesses and Amend Exhibit List||Disciplinary Order|
|Dec 15, 1997||C05970037||Order Denying Motion to Stay Proceeding||Disciplinary Order|
|Dec 9, 1997||C10970128||Order Regarding Department of Enforcements Contact with Respondent's Counsel||Disciplinary Order|
|Dec 1, 1997||CMS950042||In the Matter of Market Regulation Committee Complainant, v. Respondent 1||Disciplinary Decision, Redacted Decision|
|Dec 1, 1997||C10960019||David A. Blech||Disciplinary Decision|
|Dec 1, 1997||CMS950042||Victor H. Palma, Jr.||Disciplinary Decision|
|Nov 28, 1997||CAF970002||Order Denying Motions for More Definite Statement||Disciplinary Order|
|Nov 24, 1997||C07950030||In the Matter of Complainant 1, vs. Respondent Firm 1, and Respondent 2||Disciplinary Decision, Redacted Decision|
|Nov 20, 1997||C07960014||In the Matter of District Business Conduct Committee for District No. 7 Complainant, vs. Respondent 1, and Respondent 2, and Respondent 3||Disciplinary Decision, Redacted Decision|
|Nov 20, 1997||C9A960030||Brian L. Shegon||Disciplinary Decision|
|Nov 20, 1997||C10960116||Ilana Abby Knapp||Disciplinary Decision|
|Nov 20, 1997||C07960110||Darren L. Klemp||Disciplinary Decision|
|Nov 20, 1997||C07960065||Christopher K. Cutchens||Disciplinary Decision|
|Nov 18, 1997||C3A960014||In the Matter of District Business Conduct Committee for District No. 3 Complainant, vs. Respondent 1||Disciplinary Decision, Redacted Decision|
|Nov 18, 1997||C3A960014||John Holland||Disciplinary Decision|
|Nov 15, 1997||C07970055||Final Pre-hearing Conference Order||Disciplinary Order|
|Nov 14, 1997||C10970141||Order Extending Time for Respondents to Answer||Disciplinary Order|
|Nov 13, 1997||CAF970002||Order Regarding Motion of Respondents Requesting an Extension of Time to Answer, a More Definite Answer, and an Updated Service List||Disciplinary Order|
|Nov 11, 1997||CAF970002||Order Denying Motion of Respondents and for Extension of Time to Answer||Disciplinary Order|
|Nov 5, 1997||C01950010||Ashton N. Gowadia||Disciplinary Decision|
|Oct 30, 1997||C8A950030||James Allen Merlen & City Securities Corporation||Disciplinary Decision|
|Oct 30, 1997||C8A930048||Miguel Angel Cruz||Disciplinary Decision|
|Oct 29, 1997||CMS960105||Order Denying Motion for Disqualification of Hearing Officer||Disciplinary Order|
|Oct 29, 1997||C10970160||Order Denying Motion for a More Definite Statement||Disciplinary Order|
|Oct 10, 1997||C05960041||In the Matter of District Business Conduct Committee for District No. 5, Complainant, vs. Respondent 1||Disciplinary Decision, Redacted Decision|