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Rule 2T. "Member," "Membership," "Member Firm," etc.
(a) The term "member," when used to denote a natural person approved by the Exchange, means a natural person associated with a member organization who has been approved by the Exchange and designated by such member organization to effect transactions on the floor of the Exchange or any facility thereof.
(i) The term "member organization" means a registered broker or dealer (unless exempt pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority ("FINRA") and approved by the Exchange and authorized to designate an associated natural person to effect transactions on the floor of the Exchange or any facility thereof. This term shall include a natural person so registered, approved and licensed who directly effects transactions on the floor of the Exchange or any facility thereof.
(ii) The term "member organization" also includes a registered broker or dealer that is a member of FINRA, which does not own a trading license and agrees to be regulated by the Exchange as a member organization and which the Exchange has agreed to regulate.
(iii) The term "member organization" includes "member firm" and "member corporation."
(c) The term "approved person" means a person, other than a member, principal executive or employee of a member organization who controls a member organization or is engaged in a securities or kindred business that is controlled by, or under common control with a member or member organization who has been approved by the Exchange as an approved person.
(d) The term "person" shall mean a natural person, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, fund or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not.
(e) The term "control" means the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a person whether through ownership of securities, by contract or otherwise. A person shall be presumed to control another person if such person, directly or indirectly,
(i) has the right to vote 25 percent or more of the voting securities,
(ii) is entitled to receive 25 percent or more of the net profits, or
(iii) is a director, general partner or principal executive (or person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions) of the other person.
Any person who does not so own voting securities, participate in profits or function as a director, general partner or principal executive of another person shall be presumed not to control such other person. Any presumption may be rebutted by evidence, but shall continue until a determination to the contrary has been made by the Exchange.
(f) The term "engaged in a securities or kindred business" shall mean transacting business generally as a broker or dealer in securities, including but not limited to, servicing customer accounts or introducing them to another person.
(g) The term "State" shall mean any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or any other possession of the United States.
(i) The term "Designated Market Maker" ("DMM") shall mean an individual member, officer, partner, employee or associated person of a Designated Market Maker Unit who is approved by the Exchange to act in the capacity of a DMM.
(j) The term "DMM unit" is a member organization or unit within a member organization that has been approved to act as a DMM unit under Rule 98.
March 26, 1970;
February 1, 1973;
August 9, 1976;
July 13, 1978;
April 2, 1979;
January 21, 1981;
February 27, 2006, effective March 8, 2006 (NYSE-2005-77),
Amended by FINRA-2007-019 eff. Oct. 12, 2007.
Amended by SR-FINRA-2008-036 eff. Nov. 11, 2008.
Amended by SR-FINRA-2009-025 eff. Apr. 7, 2009.
Amended by SR-FINRA-2019-009 eff. May 8, 2019.
Selected Notices: 07-52, 08-64.