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Adjudications & Decisions

When FINRA determines that violations of securities rules have occurred and formal disciplinary action is necessary, the Enforcement Department files a complaint with the Office of Hearing Officers (OHO).

The Office arranges a three-person panel to hear the case. The panel is chaired by a hearing officer who is an employee of the Office of Hearing Officers. The Chief Hearing Officer appoints two industry panelists, drawn primarily from a pool of current and former securities industry members of FINRA's District Committees, as well as its Market Regulation Committee, former members of FINRA's National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) and former FINRA Governors.

At the hearing, the parties present evidence for the panel to determine whether a firm or individual has engaged in conduct that violates FINRA rules, SEC regulations or federal securities laws. In reaching its decision, the hearing panel also considers previous court, SEC, and NAC decisions to determine if violations occurred. The NAC is the national committee which reviews initial decisions rendered in FINRA disciplinary and membership proceedings.

For each case, the hearing panel will issue a written decision explaining the reasons for its ruling and consult the FINRA Sanction Guidelines to determine the appropriate sanctions if violations have occurred. FINRA also, when feasible and appropriate, can order firms and individuals to make restitution to harmed customers.


Appeals Process

Under FINRA's disciplinary procedures, a firm or individual has the right to appeal a hearing panel decision to the NAC, or the NAC may on its own initiate a review of a decision. On appeal, the NAC will determine if a hearing panel's findings were legally correct, factually supported and consistent with FINRA's Sanction Guidelines. While a panel decision is on appeal, the sanction is not enforced against the firm or individual.

Unless FINRA's Board of Governors decides to review the NAC's appellate decision, that decision represents FINRA's final action. A firm or individual can appeal FINRA's decision to the SEC and then to federal court.


View All Adjudications & Decisions

Choose Year
Date of Decision Proceeding No. Title Type
August 18, 2022 ARB220007 Jeff Corey McElroy Expedited Decision
August 09, 2022 2020066627202 Order Denying Enforcement's Motion to Strike Respondent's Second Affirmative Defense Disciplinary Order
August 04, 2022 ARB220010 Order Dismissing Expedited Proceeding and Allowing Suspension to Take Effect Expedited Order
July 22, 2022 2020066627202 Order Denying Respondent's Motion to Dismiss with Leave to Re-file as a Motion for Summary Disposition Disciplinary Order
July 14, 2022 2019061528001 Order Granting Enforcement's Motion for Leave to Use Demonstrative Disciplinary Order
July 14, 2022 2019061528001 Order Denying the Parties' Motions in Limine Disciplinary Order
July 12, 2022 FPI220001 Ustocktrade Securities, Inc. Expedited Decision
July 11, 2022 2019061528001 Order Granting Enforcement's Motion to Sequester Witnesses Disciplinary Order
July 07, 2022 2019064656601 APPEALED: Charles Scott Burford Disciplinary Decision
June 10, 2022 2018058537302 Jorge Antonio Netto Disciplinary Decision
June 10, 2022 2018057235801 APPEALED: Megurditch Patatian Disciplinary Decision
June 03, 2022 2019063633301 Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Enforcement's Motion to Strike Respondent's Affirmative Defenses and Portions of the Answer Disciplinary Order
June 02, 2022 2019063570502 APPEALED: Matthew R. Logan Disciplinary Decision
May 26, 2022 2019061528001 Order Denying Respondents' Motion for Leave to Offer Expert Testimony Disciplinary Order
May 26, 2022 2020068470002 Order Denying Respondent's Motion to Stay Proceeding Disciplinary Order
May 23, 2022 SD-2306 Integral Financial, LLC Statutory Disqualification, Approvals
May 17, 2022 2019063633301 Order Governing Respondent's Briefing on Enforcement's Motion to Strike Respondent's Affirmative Defenses and Portions of the Answer Disciplinary Order
April 11, 2022 SD-2309 Shawn Mesaros with Greenberg Financial Group Statutory Disqualification, Approvals
April 07, 2022 FPI210010 Expedited Hearing Panel Decision - Department of Enforcement v. Alpine Securities Corporation Expedited Decision
April 01, 2022 2020067014602 Order Rejecting Respondent's Submission and Requiring Respondent to File Rule-Compliant Answer Disciplinary Order
March 28, 2022 SD-2296 Bolton Securities Corporation Statutory Disqualification, Approvals
March 25, 2022 2018057274302 APPEALED: Hearing Panel Decision - Department of Enforcement v. Jason L. DiPaola Disciplinary Decision
March 22, 2022 2019061232601 APPEALED: Extended Hearing Panel Decision - Department of Enforcement v. Alpine Securities Corporation Disciplinary Decision
March 16, 2022 2016047565702r APPEALED: Dakota Securities International, Inc. and Bruce Martin Zipper Disciplinary Decision
March 08, 2022 2019064813801 Supplemental Order Regarding Denial of Respondents’ Request for Postponement Disciplinary Order