SEC Approves Trade Halt Rule For OTCBB
OTCBB Trading Halts
Effective Date: June 26, 2000
Legal & Compliance
OTC Bulletin Board
On May 22, 2000, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approved a rule change that allows The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. (The Nasdaq Stock Market®) to impose trading and quotation halts in securities quoted in the OTC Bulletin Board® (OTCBB). Under the rule change, Nasdaq® will halt trading in OTCBB issues in the following three instances:
- the OTCBB security is dually listed on a foreign market or is registered with a foreign regulatory authority and a foreign regulatory authority or market halts trading in the security;
- the OTCBB security is a derivative or component of a Nasdaq or an exchange-listed security and Nasdaq or the exchange halts trading in the underlying security; and
- the OTCBB issuer does not timely provide the NASD with information required by SEC Rule 10b-17.
The rule change goes into effect on June 26, 2000. The rule change is included with this Notice in Attachment A.
Questions regarding this rule change can be directed to the following:
For operational issues: Sheila Dagucon, Vice President, Nasdaq MarketWatch Department, at (301) 590-6435;
For general questions about the OTCBB: Liz Heese, Market Specialist, Nasdaq Trading and Market Services, at (202) 728-8191;
For issues related to Rule 10b-17 halts: Dorothy Kennedy, Director, Nasdaq Market Operations, at (203) 385-6243; or
For legal issues: John Malitzis, Assistant General Counsel, Nasdaq Office of General Counsel, at (202) 728-8245; or Mary Revell, Associate General Counsel, Nasdaq Office of General Counsel, at (202) 728-8203.
The OTCBB is a National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (NASD®) system which, pursuant to delegated authority, is operated by The Nasdaq Stock Market. While Nasdaq has authority to halt trading in Nasdaq-listed securities and exchange-listed securities traded over-the-counter (i.e., in the third market), until now Nasdaq has not had authority to impose trading or quotation halts in OTCBB securities. Additionally, unlike the Nasdaq market, there is no listing agreement between Nasdaq and OTCBB issuers, and thus Nasdaq has not had the ability to compel such issuers to disclose information. Accordingly, it was difficult for Nasdaq to unilaterally impose halts in the OTCBB since, in most cases, information from the issuer is necessary to assess the situation and determine if a halt and/or resumption of trading is appropriate.1
In light of this, on May 22, 2000, the SEC approved NASD Rule 6545 which permits Nasdaq to halt trading and quotations in OTCBB issues in three instances:
Foreign Regulatory Authority Halts
Nasdaq may impose trading and quotation halts in OTCBB eligible securities when a foreign market or regulatory authority has imposed a halt in the security in its market for regulatory reasons. Under the new rule, Nasdaq may halt an OTCBB security or OTCBB American Depository Receipt (ADR) when a foreign market on which the OTCBB issue is also traded, or a regulatory authority which has oversight authority for the OTCBB security, halts trading for "regulatory" reasons in the security or the security underlying the ADR. (Nasdaq currently has similar trading-halt authority for Nasdaqlisted securities.2)
Specifically, upon receipt of information from a foreign securities market on which the OTCBB security, or the security underlying the OTCBB ADR, is listed or registered or from a regulatory authority overseeing such issuer, exchange, or market, the Nasdaq StockWatch section will evaluate the information (generally a trade-halt order issued by the foreign market or regulatory authority) and determine whether a halt in the OTCBB security is appropriate. Nasdaq will impose such a halt only when the foreign market or regulatory authority has imposed its halt because of potential fraudulent conduct or other public interest concerns. Nasdaq will not impose a halt if the foreign entity's halt is based on the dissemination of material news, an issuer's failure to meet regulatory filing requirements imposed by a foreign market or regulatory authority, or for operational reasons (e.g., order imbalance in the foreign market).3
OTCBB Derivative Securities Halts
Under the rule change, Nasdaq will have authority to halt trading and quotations in OTCBB securities when an OTCBB security is a derivative or component of a Nasdaq or exchange-listed security and the exchange or Nasdaq imposes a trading halt in the underlying listed security. Thus, in instances where Nasdaq or an exchange halts trading in a security listed on that market, Nasdaq will halt trading in an OTCBB issue that is a derivative or component of the security. This is because the trading price of the OTCBB derivative may be dependent on the price of the underlying Nasdaq or exchange-listed security, and thus it may be difficult to accurately price the OTCBB derivative security when there is no current pricing information on the underlying Nasdaq or exchange-listed security.
Failure To Comply With SEC Rule 10b-17 Halts
Finally, Nasdaq will have authority to halt quotations and trading in an OTCBB security if the issuer fails to comply with the requirements of SEC Rule 10b-17 (Rule 10b-17) regarding untimely announcements of record dates.
Rule 10b-17 generally requires issuers to timely give the NASD information relating to:
Under Rule 10b-17, the issuer is required to provide this information to the NASD no later than 10 days prior to the record date or, in case of a rights subscription or other offering if such 10 days advance notice is not practical, on or before the record date.
For both Nasdaq-listed and OTCBB securities, Nasdaq publishes the record date of the action and the ex-date in its "Daily List" on Nasdaq Web Sites. (The OTCBB Daily List is published on www.otcbb.com; the Nasdaq Daily List is available on www.nasdaqtrader.com.) This provides information to broker/dealers, clearing agencies, and the public regarding the record date and settlement of such trades. For Nasdaq-listed securities, if an issuer does not provide the information in a timely manner, Nasdaq may request the 10b-17 information from the issuer and halt trading pending receipt of such information.4 Nasdaq may then issue a Uniform Practice Code (UPC) notice informing members of the status of the record date and underlying event in order to clarify any confusion in the marketplace regarding the pricing or settlement of these trades.
While OTCBB issuers are also required to timely give the NASD information prescribed by Rule 10b-17, until now Nasdaq has not had authority to institute trading halts in an OTCBB security when such information has not been timely provided. If an OTCBB issuers fails to provide the NASD with the information required by Rule 10b-17, such as a stock split or the payment of a cash dividend, this may cause confusion in the marketplace because the information may be disseminated unevenly. Thus, some market participants may become aware of the information (which impacts the pricing of the security) and adjust their quotes and/or trading activity accordingly, while others may be unaware of this information and not adjust their quotes and/or trading activity. This, in turn, may result in anomalous pricing. With the new rule, when these situations occur, Nasdaq will have the ability to halt trading, gather information, and issue a clarifying UPC notice to members. Nasdaq believes this will minimize the potential for disorderly markets and investor confusion.
Thus, if Nasdaq initiates a trade and quotation halt in an OTCBB issue, it would be inconsistent withb NASD Rule 6545 for a member to continue to quote and/or trade that security through the NQB Pink Sheets or an electronic communications network while the halt is still in effect.
Dissemination Of Trade And Quote Halt Information
For all of the trade and quote halts described above, as well as for SEC imposed halts of OTCBB issuers, Nasdaq will notify market participants and the public of halts through the OTCBB Web Site, www.otcbb.com. Nasdaq will notify market data vendors of halts via an administrative message on the Level 1 Service, which is currently used to disseminate all OTCBB quotation information (see Vendor Alert No. 2000-07).
If Nasdaq issues a trade and quotation halt for an OTCBB security, the member may not quote and/or trade the halted security through any quotation medium which includes:
- any system of general circulation to broker/dealers that regularly disseminates quotations of identified broker/dealers; or
- publication, alternative trading system, or other device that is used by broker/dealers to disseminate quotations to others.
An OTCBB halt will be lifted if Nasdaq determines the basis of the halt no longer exists or upon the passage of five trading days, whichever occurs first.5 If a stock is halted for five days and then lifted, Market Makers will then be required to fulfill their obligations under SEC Rule 15c2-11 prior to initiating a priced or unpriced quotation in the security.6
Beginning June 26, 2000, market participants can receive automated notification of OTCBB trade halts and resumptions via e-mail from the OTCBB Web Site. To subscribe to trade halt notifications, from the homepage at www.otcbb.com, click on the e-mail button and create an e-mail profile, then check the "Trade Halts" box under Subscriptions. If a market participant already has an e-mail profile, the market participant can access its profile and then update the Subscription list to receive this information.
Text Of Amendments
(Note: New language is underlined. Deletions are bracketed.)
Rule 6545. Trading and Quotation Halt in OTCBBEligible Securities
Plan Of Allocation And Delegation Of Functions By NASD To Subsidiaries
1 Under Section 12(k) of the Act, the SEC may impose trading suspensions in the U.S. securities markets. Additionally, NASD Rule 3340 prohibits members from trading any security as to which a trading halt is in effect.
2See NASD Rule 4210(a)(4).
3 Nasdaq does not have authority to halt trading for material news because Nasdaq does not have a formal listing agreement with OTCBB issuers, and thus cannot compel the full disclosure and dissemination of material news. Additionally, Nasdaq does not have authority to halt trading if an OTCBB issuer fails to meet filing/disclosure requirements imposed by a foreign regulatory authority or market, because Nasdaq would, in essence, be importing filing obligations of a foreign regulatory authority on OTCBB issuers when such requirements may not currently exist in the United States for such issuers. Lastly, Nasdaq will not halt trading based on a foreign exchange's operational halt, such as an order imbalance, because Nasdaq generally does not halt for operational reasons.
4See NASD Rule 4210(a)(5).
5 Of course, if an issuer failed to meet the eligibility requirements contained in NASD Rule 6530, which impose certain regulatory filing requirements for securities to be included in the OTCBB, the security would be ineligible for quotation on the OTCBB.
6 That is, if Nasdaq directs all members to cease quoting a security for more that five days, pursuant to NASD Rule 6740 and SEC Rule 15c2-11, members shall be required to file a Form 211 prior to the resumption of quotations in the OTCBB. The NASD and Nasdaq note that the SEC recently issued for comment a re-proposal of amendments to SEC Rule 15c2-11. See Release 34-41110 (Feb. 25, 1999). The NASD and Nasdaq will monitor developments regarding SEC Rule 15c2-11 and plan to make any necessary changes to conform the rules proposed in this filing with any changes to SEC Rule 15c2-11.