SEC Approves Proposed Changes To The NASD Three Quote Rule And Related Recordkeeping Requirements
Three Quote Rule
Effective Date: November 24, 2000
Questions concerning this Notice may be directed to the Legal Section, Market Regulation Department, NASD Regulation, Inc. (NASD RegulationSM), at (240) 386-5126; or Stephanie M. Dumont, Associate General Counsel, Office of General Counsel, NASD Regulation, at (202) 728-8176.
Background And Discussion
Rule 2320(g) (Three Quote Rule) originally was adopted on May 2, 1988,2 as an amendment to the NASD's best execution interpretation. As originally adopted, the Three Quote Rule required members that execute transactions in non-Nasdaq securities on behalf of customers to contact a minimum of three dealers (or all dealers if three or fewer) and obtain quotations in determining the best inter-dealer market.3
The Three Quote Rule is intended to create a standard to help ensure that members fulfill their best execution responsibilities to customers in non-Nasdaq securities, particularly in transactions involving relatively illiquid securities with nontransparent prices. The Three Quote Rule is a minimum standard, and compliance with the rule, in and of itself, does not mean a member has met its best execution obligations. Best execution requires each member to use reasonable diligence to ascertain the best interdealer market for a security, and to buy or sell in that market so that the resultant price to the customer is as favorable as possible under prevailing market conditions.4
Since the adoption of the Three Quote Rule, the market for non-Nasdaq securities has changed dramatically. For example, from 1996 to 1999, the OTCBB has experienced growth of 72 percent in market maker positions, 421 percent in average daily share volume, and 65 percent in average daily dollar volume. Because of the rapid growth in the market for non-Nasdaq securities, in some instances, the existing Three Quote Rule has hindered, rather than furthered, investor protection by causing significant delays in obtaining executions of customer orders.
Accordingly, the amendments to Rule 2320(g) will require members to obtain quotations from three dealers (or all dealers if three or fewer) only when there are fewer than two priced quotations displayed in an inter-dealer quotation system that permits quotation updates on a real-time basis (such as the OTCBB or the electronic pink sheets). The amendments define the term "interdealer quotation system" as any system of general circulation to broker/dealers that regularly disseminates quotations of identified broker/dealers. Quotations by the same dealer in more than one inter-dealer quotation system are considered one quotation for the purposes of this rule. As with the existing rule, the amendments do not limit or change a member's general best execution obligations.
In addition, Rule 3110(b)(2) currently requires that members indicate on the order ticket for each transaction in a non-Nasdaq security the name of each dealer contacted and the quotations received to determine the best inter-dealer market. Under the amendments, members are not required to note such information on the order ticket if two or more priced quotations are displayed in an inter-dealer quotation system and NASD Regulation has access to the quotation data. As a result, members are relieved of certain recordkeeping burdens in which NASD Regulation can validate and confirm compliance with applicable requirements directly through its internal historical data. Currently, NASD Regulation has access to such data with respect to the OTCBB securities; however, it does not have access to historical quotation data for the electronic pink sheets.5
Finally, the amendments require members that display pricedquotations for the same security in two or more quotation mediums that permit quotation updates on a real-time basis to display the same priced quotations in each system. This obligation exists even where the quotation displayed represents a customer limit order. "Quotation medium" is defined as any interdealer quotation system or any publication or electronic communications network (ECN) or other device that is used by broker/dealers to make known to others their interest in transactions in any security, including offers to buy or sell at a stated price or otherwise, or invitations of offers to buy or sell.
NASD Regulation believes that members that display different priced quotations in different quotation mediums for the same security can be confusing and misleading to other market participants and, more importantly, to public investors. Moreover, requiring that members display consistent priced quotations in multiple quotation mediums will enhance the ability of other market participants to ascertain the best inter-dealer market for a security.
1See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 43319 (September 21, 2000), 65 Fed. Reg. 58589 (September 29, 2000) (File No. SR-NASD-00-20).
2See Exchange Act Release No. 25637 (May 2, 1988).
3 If three firm quotations are displayed, a broker/dealer is not required to call the three market makers to verify the firm quotations that are displayed on the screen. A broker/dealer need only note on the order ticket the identity of the broker/dealers and the firm quotations displayed.
4See NASD Rule 2320(a).
5 NASD Regulation has filed a proposed rule change with the SEC that generally would require members to record their quotation data in the electronic pink sheets or similar quotation systems and report such data to NASD Regulation. See Exchange Act Release No. 43367 (September 27, 2000), 65 Fed. Reg. 59482 (October 5, 2000) (File No. SR-NASD-00-42). Where priced quotations are displayed in an inter-dealer quotation system for which NASD Regulation does not have access to historical quotation information, although the member is not required under Rule 2320(g) to call the market maker to verify the firm quotation that is displayed, the member is required to note on the order ticket the identity of the broker/dealer, the firm priced quotation displayed, and the inter-dealer quotation system in which the quotation was displayed.
Text Of Rule Changes
Note: New language is underlined; deletions are in brackets.
Rule 2320. Best Execution and Interpositioning
Rule 3110. Books and Records