(a) No member that is promoting a day-trading strategy, directly or indirectly, shall open an account for or on behalf of a non-institutional customer, unless, prior to opening the account, the member has furnished to the customer the risk disclosure statement set forth in
(1) approved the customer's account for a day-trading strategy in accordance with the procedures set forth in paragraph (b) and prepared a record setting forth the basis on which the member has approved the customer's account; or
(2) received from the customer a written agreement that the customer does not intend to use the account for the purpose of engaging in a day-trading strategy, except that the member may not rely on such agreement if the member knows that the customer intends to use the account for the purpose of engaging in a day-trading strategy.
(b) In order to approve a customer's account for a day-trading strategy, a member shall have reasonable grounds for believing that the day-trading strategy is appropriate for the customer. In making this determination, the member shall exercise reasonable diligence to ascertain the essential facts relative to the customer, including:
(1) Investment objectives;
(2) Investment and trading experience and knowledge (e.g., number of years, size, frequency and type of transactions);
(3) Financial situation, including: estimated annual income from all sources, estimated net worth (exclusive of family residence), and estimated liquid net worth (cash, securities, other);
(4) Tax status;
(5) Employment status (name of employer, self-employed or retired);
(6) Marital status and number of dependents; and
(c) If a member that is promoting a day-trading strategy opens an account for a non-institutional customer in reliance on a written agreement from the customer pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) and, following the opening of the account, knows that the customer is using the account for a day-trading strategy, then the member shall be required to approve the customer's account for a day-trading strategy in accordance with paragraph (a)(1) as soon as practicable, but in no event later than 10 days following the date that such member knows that the customer is using the account for such a strategy.
(d) Any record or written statement prepared or obtained by a member pursuant to this Rule shall be preserved in accordance with
(e) For purposes of this Rule, the following terms shall have the meanings specified below:
(1) "Day-trading strategy" means an overall trading strategy characterized by the regular transmission by a customer of intra-day orders to effect both purchase and sale transactions in the same security or securities.
(2) "Non-institutional customer" means a customer that does not qualify as an "institutional account" under
• • • Supplementary Material: ------------------
.01 Promoting a Day-Trading Strategy.
(a) A member shall be deemed to be "promoting a day-trading strategy" if it affirmatively endorses a "day-trading strategy," as defined in paragraph (e) of this Rule, through advertising, its Web site, trading seminars or direct outreach programs. For example, a member generally shall be deemed to be "promoting a day-trading strategy" if its retail communications address the benefits of day trading, rapid-fire trading, or momentum trading, or encourage persons to trade or profit like a professional trader. A member also shall be deemed to be "promoting a day-trading strategy" if it promotes its day-trading services through a third party. Moreover, the fact that many of a member's customers are engaging in a day-trading strategy will be relevant in determining whether a member has promoted itself in this way.
(b) A member shall not be deemed to be "promoting a day-trading strategy" solely by its engaging in the following activities: (1) promoting efficient execution services or lower execution costs based on multiple trades; (2) providing general investment research or advertising the high quality or prompt availability of such general research; and (3) having a Web site that provides general financial information or news or that allows the multiple entry of intra-day purchases and sales of the same securities.
.02 Review by FINRA's Advertising Regulation Department. A member may submit its retail communications to FINRA's Advertising Regulation Department for review and guidance on whether the content of the retail communications constitutes "promoting a day-trading strategy" for purposes of this Rule.
.03 Additional Rules Regarding Day Trading. Members should be aware that, in addition to general rules that may apply, FINRA has additional rules that specifically address day trading. See, e.g.,
[Rule 2270] (Day-Trading Risk Disclosure Statement); [Rule 4210](f)(8)(B) (Margin Requirements) regarding special margin requirements for day trading.