Adjudication and Decisions
When FINRA determines that violations of securities rules have occurred and formal disciplinary action is necessary, the Enforcement Department or Market Regulation Department files a complaint with the Office of Hearing Officers (OHO).
The Office arranges a three-person panel to hear the case. The panel is chaired by a hearing officer who is an employee of the Office of Hearing Officers. The Chief Hearing Officer appoints two industry panelists, drawn primarily from a pool of current and former securities industry members of FINRA's District Committees, as well as its Market Regulation Committee, former members of FINRA's National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) and former FINRA Governors.
At the hearing, the parties present evidence for the panel to determine whether a firm or individual has engaged in conduct that violates FINRA rules, SEC regulations or federal securities laws. In reaching its decision, the hearing panel also considers previous court, SEC, and NAC decisions to determine if violations occurred. The NAC is the national committee which reviews initial decisions rendered in FINRA disciplinary and membership proceedings.
For each case, the hearing panel will issue a written decision explaining the reasons for its ruling and consult the FINRA Sanction Guidelines to determine the appropriate sanctions if violations have occurred. FINRA also, when feasible and appropriate, can order firms and individuals to make restitution to harmed customers.
Under FINRA's disciplinary procedures, a firm or individual has the right to appeal a hearing panel decision to the NAC, or the NAC may on its own initiate a review of a decision. On appeal, the NAC will determine if a hearing panel's findings were legally correct, factually supported and consistent with FINRA's Sanction Guidelines. While a panel decision is on appeal, the sanction is not enforced against the firm or individual.
Unless FINRA's Board of Governors decides to review the NAC's appellate decision, that decision represents FINRA's final action. A firm or individual can appeal FINRA's decision to the SEC and then to federal court.
|Date of Decision||Proceeding No.||Title||Type|
|Feb 19, 1998||C07930034||Escalator Securities, Inc., & Howard A. Scala||Disciplinary Decision|
|Feb 17, 1998||C9B970016||Order Regarding Production Under Rule 9251||Disciplinary Order|
|Feb 5, 1998||CAF970002||Order Regarding Severance||Disciplinary Order|
|Feb 3, 1998||CMS960085||James T. Patten & Greater Metropolitan Investment Services, Inc.||Disciplinary Decision|
|Feb 2, 1998||C04970029||Order Staying Proceeding||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 29, 1998||CAF970011||Order Denying Motion to Disqualify Counsel for Recusal of Hearing Officer||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 29, 1998||CAF970011||Order Denying Motion to Disqualify Counsel for Complainant and Hearing Panelists||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 27, 1998||CAF970011||Order Granting Department of Enforcement's Motion to Amend the Complaint||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 27, 1998||C3A970067||Order Granting Department of Enforcement's Motion for Telephone Testimony||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 23, 1998||C3B960004||Otto M. Bruun||Disciplinary Decision|
|Jan 23, 1998||C02960042||Stephen J. Gluckman||Disciplinary Decision|
|Jan 23, 1998||C07960009||James S. Pritula||Disciplinary Decision|
|Jan 22, 1998||CMS970026||Order Granting the Department of Enforcement's Motion for Telephone Testimony, Denying Respondents' Motion for Use of an Expert Witness and Denying Respondents' Motion to Compel Production of Documents||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 22, 1998||C07960091||Robert L. Wallace||Disciplinary Decision|
|Jan 21, 1998||C04970029||Order Establishing Procedure for Arriving at Stipulations and Re-Scheduling Pre-Hearing Conference||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 21, 1998||C10970176||Order as to Respondent||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 20, 1998||C10970161||Order||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 20, 1998||C10970158||Order Denying Motion for More Definite Statement||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 20, 1998||C06950004||Clinger & Co., Inc., & Norman E. Clinger||Disciplinary Decision|
|Jan 20, 1998||C02960031||Donna R. Roach||Disciplinary Decision|
|Jan 16, 1998||C04960004||Tammy S. Kwikkel-Elliott||Disciplinary Decision|
|Jan 15, 1998||C10970163||Order to Show Cause||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 13, 1998||C10970141||Order Denying Motion for Reconsideration of Order Setting Deadline for Filing Motion for Entry of Default Decision||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 12, 1998||C3A970074||Order Setting Second Pre-Hearing Conference||Disciplinary Order|
|Jan 8, 1998||C10970172||Order Denying Respondent's Request for Indefinite Postponement||Disciplinary Order|