Series 28 - Introducing Broker-Dealer Financial and Operations Principal Exam (FI)
The Series 28 exam—the Introducing Broker-Dealer Financial and Operations Principal Qualification Examination (FI)—assesses the competency of an entry-level financial and operations principal (FINOP) candidate to perform his or her job as a FINOP in an introducing broker-dealer that does not carry customer accounts or hold customer funds or securities.
The exam measures the degree to which each candidate possesses the knowledge and understanding of the financial responsibilities, rules and recordkeeping requirements of introducing broker-dealers.
The Series 28 consists of 95 scored questions. Candidates have two hours to complete the exam. The passing score is 69 percent.
Please see NASD Rule 1022(c) Introducing Broker-Dealer Financial and Operations Principal for more information.
The Series 28 - Content Outline provides a comprehensive guide to the range of subjects covered on the exam, as well as the depth of knowledge required. It includes sample questions to acquaint candidates with the types of multiple-choice questions on the exam.
The outline is divided into four functions:
- Function 1 - Financial Reporting
- Function 2 - Operations, General Securities Industry Regulations, and Preservation of Books and Records
- Function 3 - Net Capital
- Function 4 - Customer Protection, Funding and Cash Management
Download: Series 28 - Content Outline
The Series 28 does not have a prerequisite exam.
Please see Register a New Candidate for more information on the registration process.
Covered supervisory activities include the following.
- Back office operations
- Preparation and maintenance of a member firm’s books and records
- Compliance with financial responsibility rules that apply to fully disclosed broker-dealers that do not hold customer funds and securities, and do not carry customer accounts
Taking the Exam
The table below lists the allocation of exam questions for four supervisory functions.
|Function||Number of Questions|
|Function 1 - Financial Reporting||16|
|Function 2 - Operations, General Securities Industry Regulations, and Preservation of Books and Records||30|
|Function 3 - Net Capital||31|
|Function 4 - Customer Protection, Funding and Cash Management||18|
See On the Day of Your Exam for more information.
1. What is the difference between the Series 27 and Series 28?
The Financial and Operations Principal Examination (Series 27) and the Introducing Broker/Dealer Financial and Operations Principal Examination (Series 28) are required by FINRA for the individual who prepares and maintains the books and records of the member as required under securities industry rules and regulations.
Broker/dealers that have a minimum net capital requirement of $250,000 and municipal securities brokers that have a minimum net capital requirement of $150,000 under SEC Rule 15c3-1, must register as Series 27s.
The Series 28 on the other hand is an abbreviated version of the Series 27. All other broker/dealers may use Series 28.
[NASD Membership and Registration Rules 1022(b) and 1022(c) - Limited Principal Financial and Operations and Limited Principal Introducing Broker/Dealer Financial and Operations]
Using Reference Material
The test administrator will provide whiteboard/dry erase marker and basic electronic calculators to the candidates, which must be returned to the test center administrator at the end of the testing session. Some test questions involve calculations. Only the provided calculators may be used during the examination.
The examination may contain questions that require the use of exhibits (e.g., charts, graphs, tables). If so, the questions will indicate when to refer to an exhibit.
Candidates are not permitted to bring any reference materials to testing sessions. Severe penalties are imposed on candidates who cheat or attempt to cheat on FINRA administered examinations.
To learn more about logistics and protocols for your exam day, please see On The Day of Your Exam.