FINRA Requests Comments on Proposed Consolidated FINRA Rules Governing Securities Loans and Borrowings, Permissible Use of Customers' Securities and Callable Securities
Financial Responsibility and Operational Rules
Request for Comment
Consolidated FINRA Rulebook
|Referenced Rules & Notices
NASD Rule 2330
NYSE Rule 296
NYSE Rule 402
NYSE Rule 402.30
NYSE Rule Interpretation 402(b)/01
SEA Rule 15c3-3
Books and Records
Customer Funds and Securities
Disclosure of Agency Capacity
Lending and Borrowing Arrangements
Loan Consent Agreements
As part of the process of developing a new, consolidated rulebook (the Consolidated FINRA Rulebook),1 FINRA is requesting comment on three proposed FINRA rules. Proposed FINRA Rule 4314 (Securities Loans and Borrowings) sets forth the requirements applicable to a member firm that is a party to an agreement for the loan or borrowing of securities. Proposed FINRA Rule 4330 (Customer Protection—Permissible Use of Customers' Securities) sets forth the requirements applicable to a member firm's borrowing or lending of a customer's margin securities that are eligible to be pledged or loaned. Proposed FINRA Rule 4340 (Callable Securities) sets forth the obligations applicable to any callable securities a member firm has in its possession or control.
The text of the proposed rules is set forth in Attachment A.
Questions regarding this Notice should be directed to:
FINRA encourages all interested parties to comment on the proposed rule. Comments must be received by March 8, 2010. Member firms and other interested parties can submit their comments using the following methods:
Marcia E. Asquith
Office of the Corporate Secretary
1735 K Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20006-1506
To help FINRA process and review comments more efficiently, persons should only use one method to comment on the proposal.
Important Notes: The only comments that FINRA will consider are those submitted pursuant to the methods described above. All comments received in response to this Notice will be made available to the public on the FINRA Web site. Generally, FINRA will post comments on its site one week after the end of the comment period.2
Before becoming effective, a proposed rule change must be authorized for filing with the SEC by the FINRA Board of Governors, and then must be approved by the SEC, following publication for public comment in the Federal Register.3
I. Proposed FINRA Rule 4314 (Securities Loans and Borrowings)
NYSE Rule 296 (Liquidation of Securities Loans and Borrowings)4 sets forth the obligations of a member that is party to an agreement with another member for the loan and borrowing of securities. Specifically, the rule provides that a member that is party to an agreement with another member for the loan and borrowing of securities has the right to liquidate such transaction whenever the other party to the transaction:
NYSE Rule 296.10 defines the term "agreement for the loan and borrowing of securities," for purposes of NYSE Rule 296. NYSE Rule 296.20 provides that each member that is subject to SEA Rule 15c3-3 and that borrows from a customer (as the term is defined in SEA Rule 15c3-3) must comply with Rule 15c3-3's provisions requiring a written agreement between the borrowing member and the lending customer.
FINRA believes that the rule has been the basis for similar provisions incorporated in the industry standard Master Securities Lending Agreement (MSLA). Furthermore, FINRA believes that the rule provides protection to members that may enter into a securities lending transaction without a duly signed MSLA with a counterparty, should one of the counterparties become insolvent, allowing for the ability to immediately liquidate against collateral received.
FINRA proposes to adopt NYSE Rule 296 as FINRA Rule 4314 (Securities Loans and Borrowings) into the Consolidated FINRA Rulebook with the changes described below.
In 2006, the industry began to adopt voluntary practices initiated by the SEC, including books and records and disclosure practices, as a result of an industry-wide initiative to address the risks associated with agency lending (the Agency Lending Disclosure Initiative). Consistent with the industry-wide initiative, FINRA is proposing a new requirement to address concerns about whether parties are acting as principals or agents when entering into an agreement to loan or borrow securities. The proposed rule requires a member firm that acts as agent in a loan or borrow transaction to disclose its capacity, and, in cases where the member firm lends securities to or borrows securities from a counterparty that is acting in an agency capacity, requires that the member firm maintain books and records to reflect the identity of both the agent and the principal(s) on whose behalf the agent is acting and the contract terms between the parties.
Specifically, proposed new FINRA Rule 4314(a) requires a member firm that enters into a transaction to lend or borrow securities as agent to disclose its capacity to the other party (or parties) to the transaction. The provision further requires the member firm, prior to lending securities to or borrowing securities from a person that is not a member of FINRA, to determine whether the other party is acting as principal or agent in the transaction. When the other party (who may or may not be a member) is acting as agent in the transaction, the member firm is required to maintain books and records that: (1) reflect the details of the transaction with each such agent; and (2) reflect each principal(s) on whose behalf the agent is acting and the details of each transaction therewith.
Proposed FINRA Rule 4314(b), based on NYSE Rule 296(a), continues to provide each member firm that is a party to an agreement with another member firm for the loan and borrowing of securities with the right to liquidate such transaction whenever the other party to such transaction becomes subject to one of the liquidation conditions specified in the rule.
In addition, FINRA is proposing to expand upon the written agreement requirement in NYSE Rule 296(b). Specifically, proposed FINRA Rule 4314(c) requires that no member firm shall lend or borrow securities to or from any person that is not a member of FINRA, except pursuant to a written agreement, which may consist of the exchange of contract confirmations, which confers upon such member the contractual right to liquidate such transaction because of a liquidation condition of the kind specified in proposed FINRA Rule 4314(b), as detailed above. In contrast, NYSE Rule 296(b) requires a member to have a written agreement only with any non-member of the NYSE. FINRA believes that expanding the requirement to have a written agreement with all non-members of FINRA, including any customer, protects the member firm's interests in the event of a liquidation condition specified in proposed FINRA Rule 4314(b) and supports the member's compliance with net capital requirements.
Further, FINRA is proposing to transfer NYSE Rule 296.10, which defines the term "agreement for the loan and borrowing of securities,"as Supplementary Material .01 to proposed FINRA Rule 4314, without substantive change. In addition, FINRA is proposing to add new Supplementary Material .02 through .04 to the proposed FINRA rule. Proposed Supplementary Material .02 clarifies the methods by which a member firm may satisfy its disclosure obligation in new paragraph (a) by, among other things, providing specific disclosure of its capacity as agent in the written agreement between the parties or in the individual confirmations of each transaction between the parties. Proposed Supplementary Material .03 clarifies the books and records requirements imposed by new paragraph (a). Proposed Supplementary Material .04 reminds member firms of their obligations under proposed FINRA Rule 4330(b) (discussed further below) to provide a written notice when borrowing securities from customers regarding the associated risks of such transactions, and requires that member firms disclose in such written notice their right to liquidate under the conditions specified in paragraph (c) of proposed FINRA Rule 4314.
FINRA is proposing to eliminate existing NYSE Rule 296.20, which, as discussed above, requires each member firm that is subject to the provisions of SEA Rule 15c3-3 and that borrows securities from a customer to comply with the provisions relating to the requirements for a written agreement between the borrowing member and the lending customer, as the substance of this provision has been included in proposed FINRA Rule 4330(b).
FINRA is also proposing to eliminate NYSE Rule Interpretation 296(b)/01, which addresses transactions with non-member organizations and the written agreements required in regard to repurchase and reverse repurchase transactions not subject to SEA Rule 15c3-3, as the interpretation is beyond the scope of the proposed rule.
II. Proposed FINRA Rule 4330 (Customer Protection—Permissible Use of Customers' Securities)
NYSE Rule 402(a)-(b) (Customer Protection—Reserves and Custody of Securities), NASD Rule 2330(b)-(d) (Customers' Securities or Funds) and NASD IM-2330 (Segregation of Customers' Securities) set forth the requirements applicable to a member firm's use of customers' securities. Specifically, NYSE Rule 402 and NASD Rule 2330 prohibit a member firm from lending, either to itself or others, securities that are held on margin for a customer and that are eligible to be pledged or loaned, unless the firm first obtains a written authorization from the customer permitting the lending of the customer's securities. NYSE Rule Interpretation 402(b)/01 (Agreements for Use of Customers' Securities/Application) permits a member firm to use a single customer-signed margin agreement/loan consent in lieu of obtaining separate written documents. Both the NYSE and NASD rules contain similar provisions requiring members to comply with SEA Rule 15c3-3 in obtaining custody and control of securities and maintaining appropriate cash reserves.
FINRA proposes to adopt NYSE Rule 402 as FINRA Rule 4330 (Customer Protection—Permissible Use of Customers' Securities), subject to certain significant changes, and eliminate NASD Rule 2330(b)-(d) and NASD IM-2330 as duplicative or otherwise unnecessary.
Proposed FINRA Rule 4330(a) continues to require a member firm to obtain a customer's written authorization prior to lending the customer's eligible margin securities. Also, proposed supplementary material retains and codifies NYSE Rule Interpretation 402(b)/01, thereby continuing to permit a member firm to satisfy the written authorization requirement by using a single customer-signed margin agreement/loan consent, provided that it contains a legend in bold type face placed directly above the signature line that states:
"BY SIGNING THIS AGREEMENT I ACKNOWLEDGE THAT MY SECURITIES MAY BE LOANED TO YOU OR LOANED OUT TO OTHERS."
Additionally, FINRA is proposing new requirements to address the increase in the borrowing and lending of customers' fully paid or excess margin securities. Specifically, proposed FINRA Rule 4330(b)(1) requires a member firm to notify FINRA, in such manner and format as FINRA may require, at least 30 days prior to engaging in such activities. FINRA may request related information, including the written agreement authorizing such arrangements, the types of customers, the accounts used and the collateral involved in the transactions.
Proposed FINRA Rule 4330(b)(2) also imposes a new requirement that a member firm, prior to entering into a securities borrow transaction with a customer, provide the customer, in writing (which may be electronic), with a clear and prominent notice that the provisions of SIPA may not protect the customer with respect to such transaction and that the collateral delivered to the customer may constitute the only source of satisfaction of the member firm's obligation in the event the member firm fails to return the securities. In addition, a member firm would be required to provide the customer with information regarding risks associated with the transaction (e.g., the potential loss of SIPC protection as described above, a loss of voting rights, possible limitations on the ability to sell the borrowed securities); the economics of the transaction, including potential tax implications; and the member firm's right to liquidate the transaction because of a condition of the kind specified in proposed FINRA Rule 4314(b) (Securities Loans and Borrowings—Right to Liquidate Transaction) (discussed above).
Additionally, proposed FINRA Rule 4330(b)(2) requires for the first time that a member firm determine whether the transaction is suitable for the customer. However, proposed supplementary material, while clarifying that the member firm borrowing a customer's securities is responsible for making the suitability determination regarding the customer, permits the member firm to rely on any representations made by another member firm that has a customer relationship with the lender. Proposed FINRA Rule 4330(b)(3) also requires that a member maintain books and records evidencing compliance with proposed FINRA Rule 4330(b)(2).
Proposed FINRA Rule 4330 does not retain the provisions in NYSE Rule 402 that are duplicative of the requirements in SEA Rule 15c3-3 or the outdated provisions regarding the physical segregation of securities. Additionally, the proposed rule change eliminates NASD Rule 2330(b)-(d) and NASD IM-2330, which contain similar duplicative and outdated provisions.
III. Proposed FINRA Rule 4340 (Callable Securities)
NYSE Rule 402.30 (Securities Callable in Part) requires a member firm that has in its possession or control securities that are callable in part to identify each such security so that its records clearly show for whose account it is held. The following securities are exempt from this requirement:
FINRA proposes to adopt FINRA Rule 4340 (Callable Securities), based in part on NYSE Rule 402.30. The proposed rule changes are detailed further below.
Proposed FINRA Rule 4340(a) retains in concept the provision in NYSE Rule 402.30 requiring each member firm that has in its possession or control certain callable securities to establish procedures by which it will allocate among its customers the shares to be redeemed or selected as called in the event of a partial redemption or call. However, proposed FINRA Rule 4340(a) applies this provision to any security, which by its terms, may be called or redeemed prior to maturity.
The proposal eliminates the specific requirements in NYSE Rule 402.30 regarding the establishment of an impartial lottery system in which the probability of a customer's securities being selected as called is proportional to the holdings of all customers of such securities held in bulk by the member firm. Instead, proposed FINRA Rule 4340(a) adopts a more flexible approach and allows member firms to establish procedures that require the allocation to be conducted on a fair and impartial basis. Proposed supplementary material clarifies that such procedures may include the use of an impartial lottery system, acting on a pro-rata basis or such other means as will achieve a fair and impartial allocation of the partially redeemed or called securities.
Proposed FINRA Rule 4340(a) also requires the member firm to post its allocation procedures on its Web site and provide written notice (which may be electronic) to new customers at the opening of an account, and to all customers at least once every calendar year, explaining how customers may access the procedures on the member's Web site and that, upon a customer's request, the member will provide hard copies of the allocation procedures to the customer.
Proposed FINRA Rule 4340(b) retains in concept the restriction in NYSE Rule 402.30 prohibiting a member firm from allocating securities to any of its accounts or those of its "employees, partners, officers, directors, and approved persons" in a redemption offered on terms favorable to a customer until all other customers' positions have been satisfied. However, proposed FINRA Rule 4340(b) applies the restriction to a member and its "associated persons," rather than to a member's "employees, partners, officers, directors, and approved persons."
Proposed supplementary material clarifies that the term "associated person" as used in the proposed rule would have the meaning provided in Exchange Act Section 3(a)(18), which expressly excludes for certain purposes any persons associated with the member firm whose functions are solely clerical or ministerial (referred to as "clerical and ministerial associated persons").5 Proposed supplementary material also makes clear that, in the event of a redemption offered on terms favorable to a customer, a member firm may include the accounts of clerical and ministerial associated persons in the pool of securities eligible to be called. However, where the redemption of callable securities is offered on terms unfavorable to a customer, proposed FINRA Rule 4340(c) expressly prohibits a member firm from excluding its accounts and those of its associated persons, including the accounts of clerical and ministerial associated persons, from the pool of securities eligible to be called.
Additionally, proposed supplementary material codifies that where an introducing member firm is a party to a carrying agreement with another member firm that is conducting an allocation pursuant to proposed FINRA Rule 4340(a), any account in which the introducing member firm or its associated persons have an interest shall be subject to the provisions regarding participation in favorable and unfavorable calls or redemptions. In addition, the introducing member firm must identify such accounts to the member firm conducting the allocation.
Finally, the proposed rule change eliminates NYSE Rule 402.30 in its entirety, including eliminating as unnecessary the rule's provision permitting customers to withdraw uncalled fully paid securities at any time prior to a partial call, and also to withdraw excess margin securities, provided that the customers' accounts are not subject to restrictions under Regulation T, or such withdrawals will not cause an under-margined condition.
1 The current FINRA rulebook consists of (1) FINRA Rules; (2) NASD Rules; and (3) rules incorporated from NYSE (Incorporated NYSE Rules) (together, the NASD Rules and Incorporated NYSE Rules are referred to as the Transitional Rulebook). While the NASD Rules generally apply to all FINRA member firms, the Incorporated NYSE Rules apply only to those member firms of FINRA that are also members of the NYSE (Dual Members). The FINRA Rules apply to all FINRA member firms, unless such rules have a more limited application by their terms. For more information about the rulebook consolidation process, see Information Notice 3/12/08 (Rulebook Consolidation Process).
2 FINRA will not edit personal identifying information, such as names or email addresses, from submissions. Persons should submit only information that they wish to make publicly available. See Notice to Members 03-73 (November 2003) (NASD Announces Online Availability of Comments) for more information.
3 Section 19 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (SEA or Exchange Act) permits certain limited types of proposed rule changes to take effect upon filing with the SEC. The SEC has the authority to summarily abrogate these types of rule changes within 60 days of filing. See SEA Section 19 and rules thereunder.
4 For convenience, the Incorporated NYSE Rules are referred to as the NYSE Rules.
5 Although the FINRA By-Laws define associated persons, FINRA is proposing the Exchange Act definition of "associated person" to permit members to include accounts held by clerical and ministerial persons in favorable calls or redemptions.
Below is the text of the proposed rule change. Proposed new language is underlined; proposed deletions are in brackets.
* * * * *
Text of Proposed New FINRA Rules
* * * * *
4000. FINANCIAL AND OPERATIONAL RULES
* * * * *
* * * * *
[Rule 296]4314. [Liquidation of] Securities Loans and Borrowings
Each member [or member organization] that is a party to an agreement with another member [or member organization] providing for the loan and borrowing of securities shall have the right to liquidate such transaction whenever the other party to such transaction:
No member [or member organization] shall lend or borrow any security to or from any person that is not a member of FINRA [non-member of the Exchange], except pursuant to a written agreement, which may consist of the exchange of contract confirmations, that confers upon such member [or member organization] the contractual right to liquidate such transaction because of a condition of the kind specified in paragraph ([a]b) above.
• • • Supplementary Material: -------
* * * * *
[Rule 402]4330. Customer Protection—[Reserves and Custody of Securities] Permissible Use of Customers' Securities
[Each member organization shall obtain custody and control of securities and maintain reserves as prescribed by Rule 15c3-3 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. For the purpose of this Rule the definitions contained in such Rule 15c3-3 shall apply.]
No member [organization] shall lend, either to itself [as a broker-dealer] or to others, securities [which] that are held on margin for a customer and [which] that are eligible to be pledged or loaned, unless such member [organization] shall first have obtained a written authorization from such customer permitting the [loan] lending of such securities [by the member organization].
• • • Supplementary Material:--------
"BY SIGNING THIS AGREEMENT I ACKNOWLEDGE THAT MY SECURITIES MAY BE LOANED TO YOU OR LOANED OUT TO OTHERS."
* * * * *
4340. Callable Securities
• • • Supplementary Material:--------