SEC Approves New FINRA Rule Relating to the Processing of and Fees for Company-Related Actions for Non-Exchange-Listed Securities
Obligation of Issuers to Provide Notice of Company-Related Actions
Referenced Rules & Notices
NASD Rule 11140
FINRA Rule 6490
SEA Rule 10b-17
Trading and Market Making
Effective September 27, 2010, new FINRA Rule 6490 (Processing of Company-Related Actions) codifies the requirements in SEA Rule 10b-17 for issuers of a class of publicly trading securities to provide timely notice to FINRA of certain corporate actions (e.g., dividend or other distribution of cash or securities, stock split or reverse split, rights or subscription offering). Issuers must also provide timely notification to FINRA of certain other specified corporate actions. The rule clarifies the scope of FINRA's regulatory authority and discretionary power when processing documents related to announcements for company-related actions for non-exchange-listed equity and debt securities, and implements fees for these services.1 Issuers must complete the necessary forms and pay the applicable fees within the required time periods or they will be subject to late fees and delayed processing of documents to announce corporate actions.
The text of the new rule is set forth on FINRA's website at www.finra.org/rulefilings/2009-089.
Questions regarding this Notice should be directed to:
Historically, FINRA has performed certain limited functions relating to the processing of non-exchange-listed issuer company actions in the over-the-counter (OTC) securities market. Specifically, FINRA reviews and processes documents related to announcements for company-related actions pursuant to SEA Rule 10b-17 (Untimely Announcements of Record Dates),2 and other company actions, including the issuance of or change to a trading symbol or company name, mergers, acquisition, dissolutions or other company control transactions, bankruptcy or liquidations. FINRA announces company-related actions pursuant to requests from issuers and their agents on its website in a document known as the "Daily List," establishes the ex-date for distributions and dividends and adjusts the trading price of the securities where applicable.3 These functions are important to trading and settlement in the OTC marketplace and help promote investor protection and market integrity.
Issuer Obligations Under New FINRA Rule 6490
FINRA Rule 6490 (Processing of Company-Related Actions) codifies the requirements in SEA Rule 10b-17 for issuers of a class of publicly trading securities to provide timely notice to FINRA of certain corporate actions (e.g., dividend or other distribution of cash or securities, stock split or reverse split, rights or subscription offering). Generally pursuant to SEA Rule 10b-17, issuers must notify FINRA at least 10 days prior to the record date for such corporate action. Issuers must also notify FINRA of certain other corporate actions (e.g., the issuance of or change of trading symbols, mergers, bankruptcy) no later than 10 days prior to the effective date of the company action. Issuers must complete the required forms and pay the applicable fees within such time periods or they will be subject to late fees and delayed processing of documents to announce corporate actions.
The new rule further permits FINRA to request other documents that may be necessary to verify information issuers provide on the forms. FINRA may, in its discretion, conduct detailed reviews of submissions, on a case-by-case basis. Moreover, the new rule authorizes FINRA to not process a request to announce a corporate action if FINRA determines that the request is deficient and not processing is necessary to protect investors and the public interest and to maintain fair and orderly markets.
SEA Rule 10b-17 Company-Related Actions
SEA Rule 10b-17, an anti-fraud rule of the federal securities laws, provides that issuers must notify FINRA no later than 10 days prior to the record date involved. In case of a rights subscription or other offering, if the 10-day advance notice is not practical, issuers must notify FINRA on or before the record date and in no event later than the effective date of the registration statement to which the offering relates. Generally, issuers must notify FINRA of the following actions:
Moreover, SEA Rule 10b-17 prescribes information that must be included in the notice, including, but not limited to:
Issuers should review the text of SEA Rule 10b-17 to fully understand their obligations, which may be amended from time to time.
Other Company-Related Actions
Issuers with a class of publicly trading securities also undertake other corporate actions relating to such securities, including the issuance of or change to a trading symbol or company name, merger, acquisition, dissolution or other company control transaction, bankruptcy or liquidation ("Other Company-Related Actions"; and together with SEA Rule 10b-17 Actions, are collectively referred to as "Company-Related Actions").
In accordance with Rule 6490, FINRA may prescribe the necessary forms, supporting documentation and fees to process announcements for Company-Related Actions.
Submitting Notice of Company-Related Actions
An issuer or other duly authorized representative that is obligated to notify FINRA of a Company-Related Action must:
FINRA Operations will assign a unique, identifying number to each request to process documentation for a Company-Related Action. Issuers or their duly authorized representatives must include the number on all future submissions, notices and correspondence from them to FINRA Operations relating to the action.
Rule 6490 requires issuers to pay the following fees to FINRA:
|SEA RULE 10b-17 ACTION
|Timely SEA Rule 10b-17 Notification
|Late SEA Rule 10b-17 Notification (Notice submitted at least 5 calendar days prior to corporate action date)
|Late SEA Rule 10b-17 Notification (Notice submitted at least 1 calendar day prior to corporate action date)
|Late SEA Rule 10b-17 Notification (Notice submitted on or after corporate action date)
|OTHER COMPANY-RELATED ACTION
|Voluntary Symbol Request Change
|Initial Symbol Set Up
|Action Determination Appeal Fee
FINRA Operations Determination
Once an issuer or its duly authorized representative submits a Company-Related Action Notification Form, FINRA Operations will review the submission and may request additional information or documentation as may be necessary to verify the accuracy of the information. If the party that submits the form does not sufficiently respond within 90 calendar days of the date FINRA Operations requests additional information or documentation, the request will be deemed "lapsed" and will be closed.
During the course of the review, if FINRA Operations believes that one of five explicitly enumerated factors outlined in Rule 6490 may be triggered, it generally will conduct an in-depth review of the Company-Related Action and may seek additional information or documentation from the issuer or duly authorized representative as outlined above. Where a Company-Related Action is deemed deficient, FINRA Operations may determine that it is necessary for the protection of investors, the public interest and to maintain fair and orderly markets, that documentation related to a Company-Related Action will not be processed. Factors that may be considered by the FINRA Operations in finding a request to process documentation related to a Company-Related Action deficient are explicitly limited to the following:
If FINRA Operations determines that a request to process a Company-Related Action is deficient, FINRA will provide written notice to the requesting party. The written notice will state the specific factor(s) that caused the request to be deemed deficient. The issuer or its duly authorized representative may request an appeal of such determination by submitting a written request for an appeal to FINRA Operations within seven (7) calendar days after service of notice of the deficiency by FINRA. A three-member subcommittee composed of current and/or former industry members of FINRA's Uniform Practice Code Committee will review the appeal. The written request for an appeal must be accompanied by proof of payment of the non-refundable Action Determination Appeal Fee and must set forth with specificity any and all defenses to the determination by FINRA Operations that a request is deficient.
While the appeal is pending, FINRA will stay the processing of the Company-Related Action. The UPC subcommittee convenes once a month to consider all appeals received during the prior month and will render a determination within three (3) business days following the day the appeal is considered by the UPC subcommittee. The UPC subcommittee's determination will constitute final action by FINRA. If the issuer or its duly authorized agent fails to file a written request for an appeal within seven (7) calendar days after service of notice, FINRA Operations' determination shall constitute final action by FINRA.
Submissions by Third-Parties
Supplementary Material .02 (Requests by Third-Parties), permits FINRA, in its discretion, to announce a Company-Related Action when it is contacted by a third party, such as The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC), foreign exchanges or regulators, member firms or associated persons. In such instances, FINRA would request that the third-party contact the issuer in question regarding its obligations under SEA Rule 10b-17 or other rules and regulations, as applicable, and instruct the issuer to contact FINRA directly to provide notice and complete the requisite forms. However, FINRA Operations may in its discretion review and process a Company-Related Action based on information from a third-party when it believes the action is necessary for the protection of the market and investors and/or FINRA Operations has been unable to obtain notification of the Company-Related Action from the issuer. In all cases, FINRA notes that it must have actual substantiated knowledge of a Company-Related Action from a credible source before it can consider announcing such action.
Referral of Possible Non-Compliance with SEA Rule 10b-17 to SEC Staff
Non-compliance with SEA Rule 10b-17 has been an ongoing concern, and FINRA expects the new rule to reduce such non-compliance. An issuer that fails to notify FINRA of a proposed corporate action, as required by SEA Rule 10b-17, is potentially violating an anti-fraud rule of the federal securities laws. The possible sanctions for violating federal securities laws are significant. In addition, transfer agents that knowingly aid and abet such violations may also be subject to possible sanctions. Where FINRA Operations staff has actual knowledge, it will use its best efforts to provide a list of non-complying issuers to the SEC staff.
Development of Electronic Forms and Payment Processing System
FINRA is developing electronic forms and a payment processing system to process documents for Company-Related Actions more efficiently. Until the system is ready, FINRA requires parties to use paper forms and the payment methods listed on the UPC page on FINRA's website. FINRA expects to have the electronic system available by the first quarter of 2011 and will announce the effective date of the new system in a future Regulatory Notice.
FINRA encourages all interested parties to review its dedicated Web page for UPC matters which, among other things, provides detailed guidance on the necessary forms, required supporting documentation, methods to submit the required fees and a Frequently Asked Questions section.
1See Securities Exchange Act (SEA) Release No. 62434 (July 1, 2020; 75 FR 39603 (July 9, 2010); SR-FINRA-2009-089 (Order Approving Proposed FINRA Rule 6490 (Processing of Company-Related Actions) to Clarify the Scope of FINRA's Authority When Processing Documents Related to Announcements for Company-Related Actions for Non-Exchange Listed Securities and To Implement Fees for Such Services).
2See Securities Exchange Act Rule 10b-17 (SEA Rule 10b-17).
4 This includes instances where FINRA has actual knowledge that the SEC has issued an order pursuant to Section 12(k) of the Exchange Act temporarily suspending the issuer's securities or pursuant to Section 12(j) of the Exchange Act revoking registration of the issuer's securities.