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4540. Reporting Requirements for Clearing Firms

(a) Each member that is a clearing firm or self-clearing firm shall be required to report to FINRA in such format as FINRA may require, prescribed data pertaining to the member and any member broker-dealer for which it clears. A clearing firm or self-clearing firm may enter into an agreement with a third party pursuant to which the third party agrees to fulfill the obligations of a clearing firm or self-clearing firm under this Rule. Notwithstanding the existence of such an agreement, each clearing firm or self-clearing firm remains responsible for complying with the requirements of this Rule.
(b) Each member that is a clearing firm is required to report prescribed data to FINRA under this Rule in such a manner as to enable FINRA to distinguish between data pertaining to all proprietary and customer accounts of an introducing member and data pertaining to all proprietary and customer accounts of any member for which the introducing member is acting as an intermediary in obtaining clearing services from a clearing firm. The reporting requirements of this paragraph (b) shall apply to the proprietary and customer accounts of members that have established an intermediary clearing arrangement with an introducing member on or after February 20, 2006.
(c) Pursuant to the Rule 9600 Series, FINRA may in exceptional and unusual circumstances, taking into consideration all relevant factors, exempt a member or class of members unconditionally or on specified terms from any or all of the provisions of this Rule that it deems appropriate.

• • • Supplementary Material: --------------
(a) Upon written request for exemptive relief pursuant to the Rule 9600 Series, FINRA generally will grant an exemption from the reporting requirements of Rule 4540 to a self-clearing firm that:
(1) derives, on an annualized basis, at least 85 percent of its revenue from transactions in fixed income securities;
(2) conducts an institutional business that settles transactions on an RVP/DVP basis, provided that such exemption from reporting shall apply only with respect to such institutional business unless FINRA determines that any other remaining business otherwise qualifies for an exemption under this supplementary material or is de minimis in nature; or
(3) does not execute transactions for customers or otherwise hold customer accounts or act as an introducing broker with respect to customer accounts (e.g., that engages solely in proprietary trading, or that conducts business only with other broker-dealers or any other non-customer counter-parties).
(b) Upon written request for exemptive relief pursuant to the Rule 9600 Series, FINRA also generally will grant an exemption to a clearing firm with respect to one or more of the introducing firms for which it clears if the introducing firm meets one of the above-stated grounds for exemptive relief.
(c) Any self-clearing firm that, due to a change in the facts pertaining to the operation and nature of its business or the operation and nature of the business of a firm for which it clears, as applicable, no longer qualifies for an exemption previously granted by FINRA from the reporting requirements of Rule 4540 must promptly report such change in circumstances to FINRA, and commence compliance with the reporting requirements of Rule 4540.


Amended by SR-FINRA-2019-009 eff. May 8, 2019.
Amended by SR-NASD-2005-058 eff. Feb. 20, 2006.
Amended by SR-NASD-2004-014 eff. Feb. 20, 2004.
Adopted by SR-NASD-2001-19 eff. Dec. 10, 2001.

Selected Notice: 01-84, 04-24, 05-72.

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