Every day, FINRA oversees up to 100 billion market transactions, using technology powerful enough to detect potential abuses. Applying a variety of data-gathering techniques, we work to uncover insider trading and any strategies firms or individuals use to gain an unfair advantage.
FINRA's technology is vital to protecting investors—and has become a key component of our ability to:
- effectively oversee brokerage firms;
- accurately monitor the U.S. equities markets;
- quickly detect potential fraud; and
- keep investors informed through tools like BrokerCheck.
We invest in innovative technology—like cloud computing—in order to build sophisticated surveillance systems, process extraordinary amounts of data, and work with cutting-edge applications, programs and hardware.
FINRA Processes Billions of Transactions Per Day
FINRA uses cloud computing and leverages data technology to process our ever-increasing volume of data. This unique picture allows FINRA to protect investors from abuse and manipulation by wrong-doers.
FINRA processes on average 66.7 billion—and up to 100 billion—transactions every day. That's more than Twitter, Visa®, PayPal and Facebook combined. We use innovative technology, such as parallel computing hardware, to process our ever-increasing data volume and cloud computing to automate the process and store the massive amounts of data.
The combination of cloud computing and big data software allows us to shift our computing power between FINRA’s applications so that we can quickly respond to changing regulatory demands in a cost-effective way.
We Help Detect and Prevent Wrongdoing in the U.S. Markets
FINRA uses its technology to monitor trading in the stock and bond markets. We run hundreds of surveillance algorithms and patterns against massive amounts of trade data to detect market manipulation, insider trading and compliance breaches.
We operate several information systems that range from large, structured databases to unstructured content repositories. We combine search engine and analytics technology to make sure all of the data we collect from firms and exchanges is accessible with one search or surveillance query.
FINRA oversees and regulates over-the-counter (OTC) trading of exchange-listed and non-exchange-listed securities for compliance with FINRA rules and the federal securities laws. FINRA provides regulatory services by contract to NYSE, NYSE MKT, NYSE Arca, NASDAQ, NASDAQ Options Market, NASDAQ OMX PHLX, NASDAQ OMX BX, ISE, the Boston Options Exchange (BOX), the EDGA and EDGX Exchanges and Direct Edge®. FINRA has surveillance oversight of more than 90 percent of the listed equities market. FINRA also provides regulatory services to the Chicago Board Options Exchange® (CBOE®) and C2 Options Exchange (C2).
We Use Technology to Help Examine Securities Firms and Brokers
We spent the last few years modernizing the technology of our examination platform. We've transformed the approach and procedures we use to conduct a more risk-based approach to oversight exams of firms.
The redesigned system allows FINRA staff to analyze a wide range of data and gives firms tools to submit information to us electronically. This approach allows FINRA to efficiently and effectively monitor and examine more than 4,100 securities firms and over 635,000 brokers.
We Build and Operate Systems for FINRA and Other Regulators
FINRA applies its expertise and technology to provide database and registration systems for the financial services industry regulatory services:
- Central Registration Depository (Web CRD) – FINRA operates the central licensing and registration system for the U.S. securities industry and its regulators. It is a framework of uniform registration forms, one-stop form filing and fee collection, and a single regulatory database and registration processing system to meet the requirements of all participating securities regulators.
- BrokerCheck – FINRA derives information from the CRD and IAPD to provide a free tool to investors called BrokerCheck. With BrokerCheck, investors can research the professional backgrounds of current and former FINRA-registered brokerage firms and brokers, as well as investment adviser firms and representatives.
- Investment Adviser Registration Depository (IARD) and Investment Adviser Public Disclosure (IAPD) – FINRA developed and operates these systems under contract agreements with the SEC and state regulators. These systems provide a secure, Web-based, electronic filing, registration and regulation system for investment adviser firms and their registered individuals.
FINRA Contributes to the Open-Source Software Community
FINRA is an active participant in contributing software to the open-source community—and we encourage employee participation. Our current open-source projects include:
- Herd – Herd is a managed data lake for the cloud. The Herd unified data catalog helps separate storage from compute in the cloud. Manage petabytes of data and make it accessible for data processing and analytical purposes by any cloud compute platform.
- Gatekeeper – Gatekeeper is a self-service web application that allows users to request temporary access to Amazon Web Service (AWS) EC2 and RDS instances.
- Fidelius – Fidelius provides an easy-to-use, secure and organized way to create, view and modify collections of encrypted secrets in Amazon Web Services (AWS) and to manage user/application access to those secrets.